Many millions of tons of Methanol are produced by the Chemical Industry every
year. Methanol is the lowest member of a group of organic chemicals that belong to the Alcohol ‘family’.
Methanol is a basic ‘building block’ for the production of other chemical products
such as Plastics, Paints and Man-Made Fibers. It has also found a large use in the production of Gasoline Fuel additives.
Although some is still produced from old and inefficient coal gasification plants,
Methanol is mainly produced in areas of the world where a large supply of Natural
Gas is available at an economical supply cost. By creating the necessary chemical reactions within the process, natural gas is converted into a valuable liquid product that is easily transported to markets in Europe, Asia and Americas by ship. Vital’s partners and suppliers are some of the most experienced in the energy space with knowhow and track records that spans over the past 50+ years. This ensures are capabilities to deliver to our clients in efficient and professional manner.
Polyethylene, like other plastics, starts with the distillation of hydrocarbon fuels (ethane in this case) into lighter groups called “fractions,” some of which are combined with other catalysts to produce plastics (typically via polymerization or polycondensation).
PE is classified as a “thermoplastic” based on the way the plastic responds to heat. Thermoplastic materials become liquid at their melting point (110-130 degrees Celsius in the case of LDPE and HDPE respectively). A useful attribute of thermoplastics is that they can be heated to their melting point, cooled, and reheated again without significant degradation. Instead of burning, thermoplastics like polyethylene liquefy, which allows them to be easily injection molded and then subsequently recycled.
Urea serves an important role in the metabolism of nitrogen-containing compounds by animals and is the main nitrogen-containing substance in the urine of mammals. It is a colorless, odorless solid, highly soluble in water, and practically non-toxic Dissolved in water, it is neither acidic nor alkaline. The body uses it in many processes, most notably nitrogen excretion. The liver forms it by combining two ammonia molecules (NH3) with a carbon dioxide (CO2) molecule in the urea cycle. Urea is widely used in fertilizers as a source of nitrogen (N) and is an important raw material for the chemical industry.
More than 90% of world industrial production of urea is destined for use as a nitrogen-release fertilizer. Urea has the highest nitrogen content of all solid nitrogenous fertilizers in common use. Therefore, it has the lowest transportation costs per unit of nitrogen nutrient.